Our European colleagues are checking back in on their five theses for Russia’s war in Ukraine and its global ripple effects:
- The war of attrition between Russia and Ukraine, and by extension the West’s proxy war with Russia, will likely continue deep into 2023, at least.
- Neither Ukraine nor Russia is prepared to make the concessions necessary for successful ceasefire or peace negotiations.
- With Putin’s mobilization, Russia’s domestic situation is becoming an increasingly important variable influencing the conflict’s trajectory.
- The war will accelerate competition and distrust between the West and China, which other non-Western states will attempt to use to their advantage in different policy fields without choosing sides.
- China and India are feeling the economic fallout of the war and appear increasingly concerned about Putin’s handling of the conflict.
- But neither can be expected to disengage from Russia or change its stance because of western pressure.
- The war will mark a geopolitical turning point in global energy markets.
- Recent developments have further increased pressure on European governments to diversify sources of fossil fuels in the short term and to accelerate the energy transformation.
- Governments will continue to intervene heavily in energy markets in a manner unthinkable just a few years ago.
- A winter of political discontent is looming in Europe, lowering the appetite for new sanctions.
- European cohesion is holding up better than we predicted, with the EU announcing its eighth sanctions package in response to Russia´s declared annexation of Ukrainian territory.
- Even under its new far-right prime minister Giorgia Meloni, Italy´s Ukraine policy will likely continue in the short- and medium-term.
- Global food security will continue to be a key challenge.
- The World Food Programme and the Food and Agriculture Organization are warning a record number of people are “either already starving or on the brink of disaster.”
- The grain shipment deal struck between Ukraine and Russia remains fragile and insufficient to significantly ease pressure on global food systems.
- Globally, policymakers struggle to find joint responses or even agree on a standard narrative for what’s causing the crisis.
Read the full analysis here.